Ankylosis is a dental complexity which causes the tooth to lose its ligament, thereafter it becomes fused to the bone. Ankylosis generally occurs in children in their milk teeth where the permanent teeth might be blocking the area, but some factors can cause ankylosis in even adults. Those are:
- A tooth or jaw bone infection resulting from an old injury
- Gum infection that has been kept uncared for and without any treatment
- Pressuring and pushing directly on a particular
- In some cases, genetics also plays a big role in causing ankolysed tooth in adults
- Lack of space in the gums
A dentist can detect ankolysis by simply looking at the infected tooth. The ankolysed tooth will seem to be at a lower height than the other teeth, as it is incapable of growing out of the gum at a normal rate like the other teeth. This may also cause a lack of support among the upper and lower teeth, which creates various alignment problems in all the nearby teeth. That’s why it’s in the patient’s best interest to get the ankolysed tooth extracted. The common problems associated with an ankolysed tooth are:
- Swollen, red, delicate or bleeding gums
- Swelling around the jaw.
- Bad breath.
- An upsetting taste in the mouth close to the region
- Headache or jaw throbs
- Occasional trouble opening the mouth
- Occasional swollen lymph hubs in the neck
A surgical extraction of an ankolysed tooth is a pretty straightforward process. First the dental surgeon will use a local anaesthetic to numb the area surrounding the affected tooth. Then he will create an incision at the gumline, making a pocket of gum tissue. Once such flap or fold is made, a delicate instrument is used to tenderize chisel away the surrounding bone, giving full access to the concerned tooth.
After such process is over, the dentist usually uses a special tool to cut the tooth into pieces, making it easier to extract. This is a very delicate process as during this the root of the tooth, the canals and nerve endings nearby – all must be considered to minimize discomfort of the patient.
After that is done, he will shake the tooth forward and backward with a pair of forceps or a dental lift to ease it out of the gum. After the extraction is complete, the patient is advised to bite on a gauze for some time to staunch the bleeding. Afterwards, reasonable care and precaution must be taken not to further aggravate the extracted site for a few weeks. A diet of soft foods and ample rest is generally prescribed during this period along with appropriate antibiotics.
Extracting an ankolysed tooth is a simple process and if not done in proper time, this can cause a plethora of problems in future.